Answer the the 15 questions below to test your knowledge of the breadth and nature of worldwide poverty. (See the bottom of this page for a link to answers)
Question 1: How many countries does the World Bank consider “low income,” ie, countries with gross national income per capita of less than $1,025 per year?
Question 2: What is the worldwide annual gross national income per capita, across all developed and developing countries?
Question 3: What is the global poverty line?
a. $ 2.25 per day
b. $1.90 per day
c. $1.25 per day
d. $1.00 per day
Question 4: How many people worldwide lived in extreme poverty in 2015, and what is the corresponding rate of poverty?
a. 1.51 billion, 21% of world population
b. 1.02 billion, 14% of world population
c. 702 million, 9.6% of world population
d. 500 million, 6.8% of world population
Question 5: Has worldwide poverty trended up, down, or remained stable in the last two decades?
Question 6: What are some in-common characteristics of countries with high concentrations of extreme poverty? (choose all that apply)
a. underdeveloped human capital
b. pervasive corruption
c. insufficient foreign aid
d. high rates of population growth
e. an agriculture-dominated economy, with little industrialization
f. informal economic systems, with few or no structured institutions
Question 7: What objectives has the United Nations set for expenditures on foreign aid among developed countries?
a. .25% of gross domestic product
b. $5 per capita based on domestic population
c. .7% of gross domestic product
d. .5% of annual domestic budget
Question 8: What is the Organization for Economic Development and Co-Operation (OEDC)?
a. a branch of the United Nations, charged with monitoring the status of poverty goals
b. the successor to the organization established to run the post World War II Marshall Plan, that now works to improve social and economic well-being worldwide
c. the department of the World Bank that assesses the success of the Bank’s loans in developing countries
d. an independent non-profit that makes loans in developing countries to establish or improve infrastructure
Question 9: What does the World Bank cite as the primary ingredients necessary for the eradication of poverty? (choose all that apply)
a. sustained, broad-based economic growth
b. sufficient foreign aid as seed capital
c. investment in human capital
d. government sponsored and administered education and infrastructure development programs
e. insurance for the poor against evolving risks
f. proliferation of democracy
Question 10: What is the United Nations’ overarching poverty goal for 2030?
a. stabilize the rate of poverty
b. reduce extreme poverty to under 10% worldwide
c. reduce extreme poverty to under 5% worldwide
d. eradicate extreme poverty
Question 11: What is the current United Nations umbrella initiative that includes goals for reducing poverty?
a. The Millennial Development Goals
b. The World Peace and Prosperity Program
c. 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
d. World Vision 2030
Question 12: According to the United Nations, what factor most impeded progress in many countries that were unable to meet objectives for reducing hunger?
a. insufficient production from local lands used for agriculture
b. migration of young people from rural areas to urban centers
c. natural and human induced disasters and political instability
d. lack of infrastructure to deliver food to areas where it is needed
e. rampant waste and corruption
Question 13: In spite of steep declines this millennium in under-five mortality rates, many young children continue to lose their lives to poverty. In 2015, how many children under the age of five perished?
a. 7.2 million
b. 5.9 million
c. 3.75 million
d. 2.5 million
Question 14: To meet the United Nations’ goal of universal primary and secondary education, how many new teachers will be needed by 2030?
a. 43 million
b. 31 million
c. 26 million
d. 19 million
e. 5 million
Question 15: According to United Nations estimates, how many people worldwide are impacted by water stress?
a. more than 2 billion
b. between 1.2 and 1.7 billion
c. about 1 billion
d. between .5 and .75 billion